Demographics

California Population Estimates 1900-2060

Why it Matters

  • By 2050, California’s population is projected to reach 50 million. However, annual growth rates are expected to be just 1 percent, similar to growth experienced in the first decade of this century.
  • Population projections suggest this pattern will continue, with almost all of the state’s population growth expected to come from natural increase. Immigrants are projected to make up 29 percent of the state’s population in 2025, a modest increase from 27 percent in 2009.
  • California’s population will continue to diversify. No ethnic group composes a majority of California’s population. By 2025, 42 percent of the state’s population will be Latino, 35 percent will be white, 14 percent Asian/Pacific Islander, and 6 percent African American
  • Additional Resources:PPIC’s California’s Future February 2015

Population Change Estimate by County 2015-2050

Data Source: CDOF Projections

Why it Matters

  • Projections indicate that the Inland Empire, the Sacramento region, and the San Joaquin Valley will grow faster than other areas of the state. Inland areas of California have experienced faster growth rates than the coastal areas for many decades, coastal counties are still home to most of the state’s population.
  • Los Angeles is the West’s largest city, and remain the State’s population center for the foreseeable future. Los Angeles County is forecasted to have a population of 11,214,237 by 2020, and will exceed 13 million by 2050.
  • Counties projected to experience the greatest population growth between 2015 and 2050 are: Yolo County (56%), Madera County (54%), Kern County (52%), Placer County (49%), San Joaquin County (48 %), Riverside County (46%), Imperial County (44%), and Sacramento County (41 %).

California Population by Age Range

Why it Matters

  • As the State’s population grows, the population is aging, with a much larger share of the population projected to be 70 years old or older by 2050.
  • In 2010, the median age in California was just over 35 years old. In 2050, it is projected that the median age will be just over 41 years old.
  • The aging population and changing demographics place different demands on housing, infrastructure, and other systems.

Highest Educational Attainment (2015)

Why it Matters

  • Educational attainment is the highest level of education a person has completed, and is a good indicator of earning potential.
  • People with more education are also more likely to have better health and live longer. Adults with less education have more pollution-related health problems. They are more likely to die from the effects of air pollution.
  • In California, 19 percent of adults 25 and over do not have a high school degree, compared to 14 percent for the United States.

California Unemployment Rate by County 2017

Why it Matters

  • Unemployment is defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) as people who do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the past four weeks, and are currently available for work. This also includes people who were temporarily laid off and were waiting to be called back to that job.
  • In the California labor market, the demand for college-educated workers has outpaced supply since the 1980s.
  • The engines of growth and employment in California are technology, leisure, and hospitality, and exports, and counties that have these sectors are generally characterized by low unemployment.
  • Unemployment rates are higher in counties with a larger share of agricultural employment, such as Imperial and Colusa Counties. Unemployment levels are increased by mechanization.
  • High unemployment is being decreased through job training programs, which will serve industries looking for skilled workers.